RULE OF LAW AND THE DEMOCRATIZATION OF SOCIETY

RULE OF LAW AND THE DEMOCRATIZATION OF SOCIETY

Security of life

The dramatic increase of the crime rate, particularly, of the serious felonies involving the life and property of citizens, and the persistent infringement of the fundamental human rights and freedoms compel us to take up a multidimensional reform as an imperative to restore and guarantee public order and the security of social life and enterprise development in Albania, as well as to meet our regional and international commitments.

Security of land tenure

Currently, the mechanisms supposed to safeguard the public and private property in Albania are blocked. We are faced with a chaotic management of public property, which lacks any guiding strategy whatsoever, is not transparent and is often subject to corruption. Our Government will set such mechanisms into motion and will, eventually, unblock and restore the function of four pillars which support the State efforts to restore land tenure:

(i) restitution and compensation of privae property;

(ii) Legalization Agency;

           (iii) Immovable Property Registration Office (IPRO);

and

          (iv) public properties under the ownership of the central and local government.

Equality before the law and the rule of law

The rule of law has been going through a deep crisis, at a time where its consolidation paramount to the strengthening of the democracy and to achieving a sustainable political, economic and social development of the country. Successful reforms in justice largely depend on the interaction among a series of independent institutions, including the President of the Republic, the High Council of Justice and the Ministry of Justice.

Organized crime, terrorism and trafficking

The Government shall engage in intensive and constant efforts to strike the organized crime and the trafficking in persons and narcotics, in full respect of the laws of the country and its international commitments. The Government shall employ all the adequate human, technical and financial resources to guarantee a full and effective collaboration with the regional and international partners in the fight against terrorism and international crime.

Parliamentary democracy

Our Government shall be accountable to the Assembly of Albania and shall, consequently, work to legitimate the confidence it has been given.

We believe that the empowerment of parliamentarism will only be attained if the Assembly is turned into a common political platform and not merely stick to its position as the certifier of the Government acts.

Local Government

Our vision and programme with regard to the local government follows the principles and standards that are enshrined in the European Charter of Local Self-government. The new Government shall encourage the empowerment of the local government and the decentralization process thereof, in order to ensure a heightened efficiency of local government itself. To achieve this, we shall:

Public administration

The public administration has been misused by the politics in the course of last years, to the detriment of its professionalism and impartiality.  Many court judgments for unfair dismissals have not been enforced, causing a significant direct economic damage to the State. The politicization and numerous cases of impunity of responsible officials have resulted into the deterioration of the public services for the citizens.

Fight against corruption

In 2012, Albania went down 18 positions in the prestigious Transparency International Corruption Index and was ranked as the single most corrupt country in Europe. The new Government has the political will to fight corruption with determination, as one of the worst wounds that has undermined the chances for a sustainable political, economic and social development of Albania and has created a gap with the countries of the European Union.

Civil society

The last eight years have been challenging for the civil society, as the latter has been heavily affected by the lack of independence to openly express its own attitude in relation to issues of national and social interest. The situation of the civil society non-profit making sector is at an impasse. One of the main reasons that such situation exists has been a result of the government pressure, accompanied with clientelism, lack of a transparent distribution of public funds and of a clear legal framework for the NPOs and a non-supportive environment.

Media

We are in a situation where the legislation supposed to safeguard media independence is applied in a distorted manner. The Audio-visual Media Authority and the Albanian Radio and Television constitute the most flagrant examples of a failed implementation of the law under the DP rule. The law requires for both these entities to be balanced and to include in their steering boards members elected by the civil society. Currently, though, we may say that AMA has become a completely politicised and biased institution.